Certified Penetration Testing
We often hear the term “Ethical Hacker” or “Penetration Testers,” but who are they? Many companies employ penetration testers to improve data security by distinguishing and rectifying framework shortcomings before criminal programmers can abuse these shortcomings. This precaution measure brings down organizations’ danger of real digital assaults, which can harm organization accounts and client trust.
Penetration testers frequently work in groups to make new tests recreating cyber crimes. These experts may distinguish application vulnerabilities or assess the physical security of systems, servers, and system devices. Penetration testers propose specific security techniques and arrangements lined up with organization spending plans, and they may offer continuous help as organizations execute these new security measures.
HOW TO BECOME A CYBER SECURITY EXPERT?
Experts with significant hacking skills and work experience don’t generally require specific degrees to become penetration testers. However, numerous penetration testing jobs require bachelor’s or master’s degrees in cyber security, software engineering, or IT.
In the interim, cybersecurity degree courses in ethical hacking, cryptology, and framework vulnerability assessment help students with figuring out how to enter and guard data security frameworks. Schools with cyber security majors frequently give the best readiness to data security vocations.
Penetration testing can be separated into numerous stages; this will differ contingent upon the association and the sort of penetration testing.
Some of the phases are:
Reconnaissance & Planning
The principal stage is arranging. Here, the attacker accumulates as much information about the objective as could reasonably be expected. The data can be IP addresses, domain details, mail servers, organize topology, and so on. A specialist tester will invest the more significant part of the energy right now, will help with further periods of the attack.
The foremost step is to scan the target; the attacker will interact with the target to discover some vulnerabilities. The scanning can be done through various means; however, an intelligent tester would consider using tools like Nmap, Port Scanning tools, and anything that can gather information for a specific target.
Types of Penetration Testing
When the attacker has no knowledge of the target, we can call it as a black box penetration testing. Pen tester needs to think like an outside attacker. This type of penetration testing requires a lot of time and patience for the tester and they will be using automated tools in order to find vulnerabilities and weak spots.
When the penetration tester is given the complete knowledge of the target, it is called as white box penetration test. This is a kind of testing which is performed by them organization itself. The attacker has complete knowledge of the IP addresses, controls in place, code samples, operating system details etc. It requires less time when compared to black box penetration testing.
When the tester is having partial information about the target, it is referred to as gray box penetration testing. In this case, the attacker will have some knowledge of the target information like URLs, IP addresses, etc., but will not have complete knowledge or access.
Anyone, who is interested to learn Ethical Hacking or wants to become a penetration tester can enrol himself/herself to the CEH (Certified Ethical Hacking) course offered by EC Council.